ERIC Number: EJ959552
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
An Assessment of Cost, Quality and Outcomes for Five HIV Prevention Youth Peer Education Programs in Zambia
Burke, H. M.; Pedersen, K. F.; Williamson, N. E.
Health Education Research, v27 n2 p359-369 Apr 2012
Youth peer education (YPE) programs are a popular strategy for HIV prevention in sub-Saharan Africa. However, research on the effectiveness of YPE programs is scarce and the wide variation in programs makes it difficult to generalize research findings. Measuring quality and comparing program effectiveness require the use of standardized instruments. In this study, we used standardized evidenced-based instruments to compare program inputs, quality, outputs and outcomes for five YPE programs in Zambia. Clinic surveys were used to measure the following program outcomes: young people's exposure to the YPE programs and referrals of young people to clinics for HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing and other reproductive health services. The study revealed wide variation in the cost, quality and outcomes of YPE programs. Higher quality programs were associated with greater exposure and more referrals of youth to the clinics. However, one of the two highest quality programs achieved twice as many exposure and referral outcomes at about half the cost per peer educator of the more expensive program. Results indicate that the standardized instruments used in this study are useful for assessing and comparing program attributes among diverse YPE programs.
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Health Services, Prevention, Young Adults, Program Effectiveness, Foreign Countries, Clinics, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Outcomes of Education, Costs, Referral
Oxford University Press. Great Clarendon Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, UK. Tel: +44-1865-353907; Fax: +44-1865-353485; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://her.oxfordjournals.org/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Zambia