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ERIC Number: EJ959419
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jul
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 27
ISSN: ISSN-1306-3065
Educational Reforms as Paradigm Shifts: Utilizing Kuhnian Lenses for a Better Understanding of the Meaning of, and Resistance to, Educational Change
Irez, Serhat; Han, Cigdem
International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, v6 n3 p251-266 Jul 2011
Research acknowledges that reform efforts in education often face resistance, particularly on the part of teachers. This study attempts to get to a better understanding of the reasons of resistance to change on the teachers' side through utilizing the structure of scientific revolutions as described by Thomas Kuhn as an analogy. To this end, a recent curriculum reform in science education in Turkey is taken as a case. The previous and new biology curricula are analyzed comparing their emphasis, approaches to the nature of scientific knowledge, theories of learning, and models for teaching and approaches to the assessment of learning. This analysis revealed that the curriculum reform experienced in Turkey has introduced a new conceptual and theoretical framework for teachers, which is fundamentally different from the previous one. To this end, the study discusses that understanding the new paradigm introduced by the new curriculum could be one of the major barriers that teachers face in the implementation of the curriculum reform. (Contains 1 table.)
International Consortium for the Advancement of Academic Publication. Abant Izzet Baysal University, Faculty of Education, 14280 Golkoy-Bolu, Turkey. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Turkey