ERIC Number: EJ959357
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 37
Regime Switching State-Space Models Applied to Psychological Processes: Handling Missing Data and Making Inferences
Hamaker, E. L.; Grasman, R. P. P. P.
Psychometrika, v77 n2 p400-422 Apr 2012
Many psychological processes are characterized by recurrent shifts between distinct regimes or states. Examples that are considered in this paper are the switches between different states associated with premenstrual syndrome, hourly fluctuations in affect during a major depressive episode, and shifts between a "hot hand" and a "cold hand" in a top athlete. We model these processes with the regime switching state-space model proposed by Kim ("J. Econom." 60:1-22, 1994), which results in both maximum likelihood estimates for the model parameters and estimates of the latent variables and the discrete states of the process. However, the current algorithm cannot handle missing data, which limits its applicability to psychological data. Moreover, the performance of standard errors for the purpose of making inferences about the parameter estimates is yet unknown. In this paper we modify Kim's algorithm so it can handle missing data and we perform a simulation study to investigate its performance in (relatively) short time series in cases of different kinds of missing data and in case of complete data. Finally, we apply the regime switching state-space model to the three empirical data sets described above.
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Statistical Inference, Data, Simulation, Models, Maximum Likelihood Statistics, Error of Measurement
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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