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ERIC Number: EJ959295
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0046-760X
Teaching Manuals and the Blackboard: Accessing Historical Classroom Practices
Wylie, Caitlin Donahue
History of Education, v41 n2 p257-272 2012
The blackboard, a useful teaching tool in nineteenth-century England, was transformed into a teaching necessity in the decades following 1870, when the Education Acts made school free and mandatory for all children. The resulting huge population of schoolchildren inspired the development of teaching techniques appropriate for large-group learning. Many of these techniques relied on the blackboard as a reusable demonstration space visible to the entire class at once, unlike a book or slate. To share these new practices among teachers, particularly the novice teachers recruited to serve the increased school population, dozens of teaching manuals were published around the turn of the twentieth century. These manuals' instructions for how to teach reading, writing, arithmetic and nature study to elementary school students offer historians a rare glimpse into teachers' and students' school experiences by suggesting how the blackboard shaped classroom practices in late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century England. (Contains 5 figures and 46 footnotes.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)