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ERIC Number: EJ958927
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Apr
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 50
ISSN: ISSN-0143-0343
Temperament Styles of Children from Pakistan and the United States
Oakland, Thomas; Callueng, Carmelo; Rizwan, Muhammad; Aftab, Sobia
School Psychology International, v33 n2 p207-222 Apr 2012
Age, gender, and cross-national differences of children ages 9 through 16 in Pakistan (n = 463) and the United States (n = 500) are examined on four bipolar temperament styles: Extroversion-introversion, practical-imaginative, thinking-feeling, and organized-flexible. In general, Pakistani children prefer extroverted over introverted, practical over imaginative, and organized over flexible styles. Although their preference for thinking and feeling styles is balanced, gender differences are significant. Males generally prefer a thinking style and females generally prefer a feeling style. Gender and age differences are found on practical-imaginative and organized-flexible styles. Cross-national differences are found on practical-imaginative and organized-flexible styles. In contrast to children in the US, children in Pakistan are more likely to prefer practical and organized styles. (Contains 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pakistan; United States