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ERIC Number: EJ958462
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1522-7219
Psychological Essentialism and Cultural Variation: Children's Beliefs about Aggression in the United States and South Africa
Giles, Jessica W.; Legare, Cristine; Samson, Jennifer E.
Infant and Child Development, v17 n2 p137-150 Mar-Apr 2008
The present study compared indigenous South African versus African-American schoolchildren's beliefs about aggression. Eighty 7-9 year olds (40 from each country) participated in interviews in which they were asked to make inferences about the stability, malleability, and causal origins of aggressive behaviour. Although a minority of participants from both countries endorsed essentialist beliefs about aggression, South African children were more likely than American children to do so. Results also revealed some degree of coherence in children's patterns of beliefs about aggression, such that children responded across superficially different measures in ways that appear theoretically consistent. The authors consider these findings in light of debates concerning the role of cultural forces in shaping person perception. (Contains 3 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Africa