ERIC Number: EJ958444
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 56
Aggressive Behavior in Response to Violence Exposure: Is It Adaptive for Middle-School Children?
Salzinger, Suzanne; Rosario, Margaret; Feldman, Richard S.; Ng-Mak, Daisy S.
Journal of Community Psychology, v36 n8 p1008-1025 Nov 2008
The role of aggression in adaptation to family and community violence was examined in a sample of 667 inner-city schoolchildren studied annually over three years in middle school. Regression analyses indicated that the association between Year 1 exposure to family and community violence and Year 2 aggression was mediated by aggression occurring contemporaneously with Year 1 exposure. Cognitive justification of aggression and friends' delinquency made small independent contributions to prediction of Year 2 aggression, delinquency, and externalizing behaviors. Year 2 aggression mediated the association between Year 1 community violence victimization and Year 3 negative adaptation (internalizing problems, anxiety, and depression). Year 2 aggression also mediated the negative association between Year 1 witnessing community violence and Year 3 positive adaptation (self-esteem). Cognitive justification of aggression and friends' delinquency made independent contributions to Year 3 negative adaptation. The pattern of relations among variables infrequently varied by gender. Implications for intervention are discussed. (Contains 3 tables.)
Descriptors: Violence, Delinquency, Aggression, Depression (Psychology), Middle Schools, Urban Areas, Correlation, Community, Prediction, Self Esteem, Gender Differences, Intervention, Secondary School Students, Longitudinal Studies, Student Behavior
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York