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ERIC Number: EJ958294
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Sep
Pages: 28
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 80
ISSN: ISSN-1522-7219
Do Maternal Stress and Home Environment Mediate the Relation between Early Income-to-Need and 54-Months Attentional Abilities?
Dilworth-Bart, Janean E.; Khurshid, Ayesha; Vandell, Deborah Lowe
Infant and Child Development, v16 n5 p525-552 Sep 2007
Using Ecological Systems Theory and stage sequential modelling procedures for detecting mediation, this study examined how early developmental contexts impact preschoolers' performances on a measure of sustained attention and impulse control. Data from 1273 European-American and African-American participants in the NICHD Study of Early Child Care were used to identify the potential mediators of the relation between early household income-to-need (INR) and 54-month impulsivity and inattention. Exploratory analyses were also conducted to determine whether the relationships between early income, home environment, parenting stress, and the outcome variables differ for African-American versus European-American-American children. We found modest support for the study hypothesis that 36-month home environment quality mediated the INR/attention relationship. INR accounted for more home environment score variance and home environment accounted for more Impulsivity score variance for African-American children. Home environments were related to inattention in the European-American, but not African-American, group. (Contains 8 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Continuous Performance Test; Home Observation for Measurement of Environment; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Woodcock Johnson Psycho Educational Battery