NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ957999
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jan
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 28
ISSN: ISSN-0090-4392
Component Measures of Psychological Sense of Community among Gay Men
Proescholdbell, Rae Jean; Roosa, Mark W.; Nemeroff, Carol J.
Journal of Community Psychology, v34 n1 p9-24 Jan 2006
Psychological Sense of Community (PSOC) theoretically comprises four components (Membership, Influence, Fulfillment of Needs, and Shared Emotional Connection), but existing measures of the components are psychometrically lacking. The current study sought to develop valid and reliable measures of the four theoretical components by building on and conceptually tightening items from existing PSOC measures, including the Sense of Community Index. Twenty-six items were administered to 348 gay and bisexual men living in Arizona. Using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, a three-factor model with Influence, Shared Emotional Connection, and Fulfillment of Needs/Belonging achieved the best fit; it was impossible, empirically, to distinguish between the Fulfillment of Needs and Belonging factors. Measures for these three PSOC components and the combined PSOC measure evidenced high reliabilities. Validity testing results supported the three component measures and the combined measure. Implications of the results for PSOC theory and research are discussed. (Contains 3 tables.)
John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Subscription Department, 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774. Tel: 800-825-7550; Tel: 201-748-6645; Fax: 201-748-6021; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arizona
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Marlowe Crowne Social Desirability Scale