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ERIC Number: EJ957960
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Mar
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 48
ISSN: ISSN-0090-4392
A Preliminary Investigation of the Validity and Reliability of the Brief-Symptom Inventory-18 in Economically Disadvantaged Latina American Mothers
Prelow, Hazel M.; Weaver, Scott R.; Swenson, Rebecca R.; Bowman, Marvella A.
Journal of Community Psychology, v33 n2 p139-155 Mar 2005
The purpose of the present study was to examine the construct validity and reliability of the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18) in 1,115 low-income Latina mothers. Exploratory factor analyses conducted in half of the sample supported a one-factor solution, which was subsequently confirmed in the remainder of the sample using confirmatory factor analyses. Contrary to its purported multidimensional structure, the BSI-18 measures a single dimension of general psychological distress in this sample of Latina mothers. Nevertheless, the results provide evidence that the symptoms composing the BSI-18 are meaningful expressions of general psychological distress among low-income Latina mothers. The validity of the BSI-18 as a measure of general distress was further supported by its correlations with theoretically relevant constructs. The BSI-18's reliability was evidenced in its demonstration of high internal consistency. The BSI-18 has utility for community psychologists and researchers as a general measure of psychological distress. For example, it could be given to low-income Latina samples in community-based interventions in which psychological distress might be a construct of interest. However, further research is needed to determine clinical cutoff scores for this population. (Contains 4 tables and 7 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Illinois; Massachusetts; Texas
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Conflict Tactics Scale; Brief Symptom Inventory; Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale