ERIC Number: EJ957179
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Academic Literacies and Systemic Functional Linguistics: How Do They Relate?
Coffin, Caroline; Donohue, James P.
Journal of English for Academic Purposes, v11 n1 p64-75 Mar 2012
Two approaches to English for Academic Purposes (EAP) research and teaching which have arisen in recent years are systemic functional linguistics (SFL) approaches in Australia and elsewhere (e.g. Hood, 2006; Lee, 2010; Woodward-Kron, 2009) and Academic Literacies approaches in the UK and elsewhere (e.g. Lillis & Scott, 2008; Thesen & Pletzen, 2006; Turner, 2004). Although these approaches both draw from ethnographic and sociocultural traditions, they have tended to focus on different aspects of EAP. SFL as a theory of language has employed linguistic analysis to establish the nature of disciplinary discourses and ways of encouraging students to engage in these discourses; research and pedagogy have concentrated on texts, language in use and the language system. Academic Literacies as a research paradigm has maintained a strong commitment to ethnographic investigation and to critiquing dominant academic and institutional practices; methods have concentrated on identifying practices, student identities, and conflicts that individual language users experience in university writing. This article reflects on the two approaches by reviewing their two literatures, uncovering key questions that characterise each, and illuminating similarities and difference in epistemology and methodology. The article concludes by recognising the potential of dialogue and collaboration across the SFL and Academic Literacies research and teaching communities to address current imperatives facing EAP.
Descriptors: Linguistics, Discourse Analysis, Foreign Countries, Epistemology, English for Academic Purposes, Teaching Methods, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Intellectual Disciplines, Ethnography, Cooperation, Research Methodology, Language Research
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia; United Kingdom