ERIC Number: EJ956918
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 25
Social Inequality and Access to Higher Education in Russia
Konstantinovskiy, David L.
European Journal of Education, v47 n1 p9-24 Mar 2012
This article analyses research on social inequality and access to higher education in Russia. It argues that the myth about equality of life chances, as with certain other myths, was an important part of the Soviet ideology. However, children from privileged groups traditionally received the education and professional training which were most advantageous for their subsequent lives and careers. Recent research indicates that conditions in post-Soviet Russia are not eliminating social differentiation. This is clearly seen in access to higher education. It is shown that the inequality is noticeable in secondary education and is aggravated during the transition to higher education and vocational training (universities, colleges, vocational schools). In order to explain the genesis of such inequality, the article considers research focusing on the situation at secondary school. The dynamics must be analysed over a long period, since the problems that post-Soviet youth face today have roots in the Soviet past. Hence, the article considers the results of studies conducted between the 1960s and today.
Descriptors: Vocational Schools, Higher Education, Professional Training, Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Social Differences, Access to Education, Social Change, Social Systems, Secondary Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Russia