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ERIC Number: EJ956623
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0891-4222
Bone Mineral Density Changes after Physical Training and Calcium Intake in Students with Attention Deficit and Hyper Activity Disorders
Arab ameri, Elahe; Dehkhoda, Mohammad Reza; Hemayattalab, Rasool
Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v33 n2 p594-599 Mar-Apr 2012
In this study we investigate the effects of weight bearing exercise and calcium intake on bone mineral density (BMD) of students with attention deficit and hyper activity (ADHD) disorder. For this reason 54 male students with ADHD (age 8-12 years old) were assigned to four groups with no differences in age, BMD, calcium intake, and physical activity: exercise groups with or without calcium supplementation (Ex+Ca+ and Ex+Ca-) and non-exercise groups with or without calcium supplementation (Ex-Ca+ and Ex-Ca-). The intervention involved 50 min of weight bearing exercise performed 3 sessions a week and/or the addition of dietary calcium rich food using enriched cow milk with vitamin D containing 250 mg calcium per serving, over 9 months. Paired-samples "t"-test, one way ANOVA analysis, and Tukey tests were used to determine the main and combined effects of training and calcium on BMD. All groups showed greater femoral neck BMD after 9 months. The increase in femoral neck BMD was significantly different between all groups (p less than 0.05). Ex+Ca+ group has greater increase in BMD than other groups. Apparently, the effect of training was greater than calcium intake (p less than 0.05). These results help to provide more evidence for public health organizations to deal with both exercise and nutrition issues in children with ADHD disorder for the achievement of peak BMD. (Contains 4 tables and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A