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ERIC Number: EJ956578
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 49
ISSN: ISSN-1537-7903
Enhancing On-Task Behavior in Fourth-Grade Students Using a Modified Color Wheel System
Blondin, Carolyn; Skinner, Christopher; Parkhurst, John; Wood, Allison; Snyder, Jamie
Journal of Applied School Psychology, v28 n1 p37-58 2012
The authors used a withdrawal design to evaluate the effects of a modified Color Wheel System (M-CWS) on the on-task behavior of 7 students enrolled in the 4th grade. Standard CWS procedures were modified to include a 4th set of rules designed to set behavioral expectation for cooperative learning activities. Mean data showed that immediately after the M-CWS was applied, on-task behavior increased. In subsequent phases, on-task behavior immediately decreased when the M-CWS was withdrawn and immediately increased when it was reapplied, with no overlapping data across adjacent phases. For each participant, effects sizes calculated across the 3 adjacent phases revealed large effects for 20/21 comparisons. In addition to providing evidence of internal validity, these results demonstrate how educators can adapt the system. (Contains 3 tables and 2 figures.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 4
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A