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ERIC Number: EJ955997
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jul-20
Pages: 24
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 18
ISSN: ISSN-1068-2341
Constitutional Reform and the Opportunity for Higher Education Access in Ecuador since 1950
Post, David
Education Policy Analysis Archives, v19 n20 Jul 2011
Ecuador's 2008 Constitution--and a subsequent law on higher education passed in its wake--effectively suspended student fees for public universities. The goal of this reform was to increase equality of opportunity. In this article I use newly-available individual-level retrospective information from the 2001 Census to explore gender and ethnic inequality in educational attainment since the 1950s. After establishing the long term historical tendencies, I discuss the politics and implementation of the Constitutional reform. Then, recent national survey data are analyzed to show the recent trends in access to universities depending on home language (Quichua versus Spanish), ethnicity, parental income, and whether or not the mother had received a poverty-alleviation welfare transfer. I find that, after the suspension of user fees, there was an increased gap in the probability and rates of public university access between the more-advantaged and the less-advantaged populations of Ecuador. (Contains 6 figures, 1 table and 3 footnotes.)
Colleges of Education at Arizona State University and the University of South Florida. c/o Editor, USF EDU162, 4202 East Fowler Avenue, Tampa, FL 33620-5650. Tel: 813-974-3400; Fax: 813-974-3826; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Ecuador