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ERIC Number: EJ955381
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Nov
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 45
ISSN: ISSN-0090-4392
Examining Protective Factors and Risk Factors in Urban and Rural Head Start Preschoolers
Bender, Stacy L.; Fedor, Megan C.; Carlson, John S.
Journal of Community Psychology, v39 n8 p908-921 Nov 2011
This study examined a comprehensive screening model within children attending Head Start programs from urban (n = 232) and rural (n = 231) communities. The Devereux Early Childhood Assessment (DECA; LeBuffe & Naglieri, 1999) was used to measure social-emotional protective factors (i.e., Total Protective Factors [TPF]) and risk factors (i.e., Behavior Concerns [BC]) within children that resided in two different community settings. Children from low-income rural programs received higher scores on a subscale measuring children's relationship to adults (i.e., Attachment subscale). Additionally, children from low-income urban programs received higher scores on children's ability to self-regulate (i.e., Self-Control subscale). Significant differences between children from rural and urban settings were not found on the primary scales (BC or TPF) of the DECA. Statistically significant gender differences by community-type were not found. Findings contribute to the literature by illustrating that community characteristics might influence the development of different social-emotional behaviors in preschool children. (Contains 2 tables and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A