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ERIC Number: EJ954708
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 31
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
ISSN: ISSN-0211-2159
Getting to the Source: A Questionnaire on the Learning and Use of Arithmetical Operations
Colome, Angels; Bafalluy, Maria Gracia; Noel, Marie-Pascale
Psicologica: International Journal of Methodology and Experimental Psychology, v32 n2 p223-253 2011
Some current models of mathematical cognition (Dehaene, 1992; Campbell & Clark, 1992) make strong claims about the code in which arithmetical operations are solved, basing themselves on how these operations were originally acquired or are most frequently employed. However, data on acquisition and use are often derived from anecdotic reports and no systematic figures have ever been collected. In this study a questionnaire was devised to investigate how participants learned multiplication tables, as well as the code in which one-digit and multi-digit operations are usually solved. The questionnaire was administered to two groups of university students, one Spanish (Study 1) and the other Belgian (Study 2). The results show that multiplication tables are mainly learnt by oral rehearsal, but adults solve multiplications more frequently by visualizing Arabic digits. This is also their preferred code for calculating additions, subtractions, and divisions. The preference for the Arabic code increases when subjects have to solve multidigit operations. (Contains 1 figure, 5 tables and 7 footnotes.)
University of Valencia. Dept. Metodologia, Facultad de Psicologia, Avda. Blasco Ibanez 21, 46010 Valencia, Spain. Tel: +34-96-386-4100; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Spain