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ERIC Number: EJ954701
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 15
ISSN: ISSN-1175-9232
He Waka Tino Whakarawea: A Model for Evaluating the Cultural Appropriateness and Effectiveness of Programmes and Services for Maori Learners both with and without Special Needs
Bevan-Brown, Jill
Kairaranga, v12 n2 p27-35 2011
This article introduces a waka tino whakarawea model for evaluating programmes and services for Maori learners. It is based on a set of underlying principles identified in the author's PhD study (Bevan-Brown, 2002). Explanations are provided for eight principles: kaupapa Maori; importance, relevance and beneficence; participation; empowerment, tino rangatiratanga and Maori control; accountability; high quality; appropriate personnel and equality and accessibility. Challenges to implementing these principles are outlined and suggestions for overcoming the challenges are shared. A framework containing the principles and 22 associated questions is included, as is a procedure for evaluating, improving or developing programmes and services for Maori learners both with and without special needs. Finally, the waka tino whakarawea metaphor of a well-equipped canoe is explained. (Contains 1 figure.)
Massey University. Private Bag 11 222; Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand. Tel: +64-6-351-3396; Fax: +64-6-351-3472; email:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Adult Basic Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand