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ERIC Number: EJ954522
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Feb
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 14
ISSN: ISSN-1570-2081
Fourth Way in Action? The Evolution of Singapore's Education System
Gopinathan, Saravanan
Educational Research for Policy and Practice, v11 n1 p65-70 Feb 2012
Hargreaves and Shirley's "The Fourth Way" offers a valuable framework for considering the challenges and dilemmas that confront education change practitioners. In this article, I consider how well their framework fits the evolution and more recent changes in Singapore education. History, context culture and aspirations are seen as providing for significant differences in the Singapore education story.
Springer. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Singapore