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ERIC Number: EJ954328
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 56
ISSN: ISSN-1547-1888
Prevalence and Disproportionality of Autism Spectrum Disorders among English Language Learners in Minnesota
Estrem, Theresa L.; Zhang, Shiju
Multiple Voices for Ethnically Diverse Exceptional Learners, v12 n2 p5-20 Spr 2010
The focus of research on disproportionality to date has been culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) students with emotional/behavioral and learning disabilities and mental retardation. There is a dearth of research on the representation of CLD learners with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Using data from the Minnesota Department of Education, we explored trends in prevalence rates of children who received autism special education services between 2001 and 2008, with a focus on students whose home language was not English. We found a dramatic increase over the past decade in prevalence rates of all students with autism, including English, Spanish, Somali, and Hmong speakers. Disproportionate representation was evident among students whose primary language was not English, and there were distinct differences among the various home language groups and the ages at which they first received autism services. We discuss the complex interactions between ethnicity, poverty, immigrant status, and historical-cultural issues as factors in the disproportionate representation of CLD learners. (Contains 4 tables, 1 figure, and 3 notes.)
Division for Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Learners, Council for Exceptional Children. 1110 North Glebe Road Suite 300, Arlington, VA 22201. Tel: 888-232-7733; Fax: 703-264-9494; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Minnesota