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ERIC Number: EJ954038
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Feb
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1041-6080
How Does Attention Relate to the Ability-Specific and Position-Specific Components of Reasoning Measured by APM?
Ren, Xuezhu; Goldhammer, Frank; Moosbrugger, Helfried; Schweizer, Karl
Learning and Individual Differences, v22 n1 p1-7 Feb 2012
The aim of the present study was to clarify the nature of the ability-specific and position-specific components of Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices (APM) by relating them to a number of types of attention. The ability-specific component represents the constant part of cognitive performance whereas the position-specific component reflects the changes in processing of reasoning items as a result of the changing item position. A special model denoted fixed-links model was used to decompose the data of APM into independent components. Both components were related to two higher-order units of attention, perceptual attention and executive attention, which were derived from the various types of attention. In a sample of 226 participants the position-specific component of APM showed a substantially higher link with executive attention than with perceptual attention whereas the ability-specific component only showed a moderate link with perceptual attention. (Contains 3 figures and 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Raven Progressive Matrices