ERIC Number: EJ953846
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 44
Protective Predictors of Alcohol Use Trajectories among Canadian Aboriginal Youth
Rawana, Jennine S.; Ames, Megan E.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v41 n2 p229-243 Feb 2012
Some Aboriginal youth are at disproportionate risk of using substances and developing abuse and dependence disorders. However, not all Aboriginal youth misuse substances and limited research has examined the protective factors conferring against substance use among these youth. The present study aimed to identify protective factors related to the alcohol use trajectories from early adolescence to emerging adulthood among off-reserve Canadian Aboriginal youth. Participants (N = 330; 50.3% male) aged 12-23 were selected from cycles 2-7 of Statistics Canada's NLSCY. Multilevel modeling was employed to identify protective factors for two constructs of alcohol use. Participation in weekly activities and optimism were found to be protective for both the frequency of alcohol use and heavy drinking trajectories. Attendance of religious services was also found to be protective for heavy drinking behaviors. In contrast, positive peer relationships were a risk factor for frequency of alcohol use, but not heavy drinking. The results provide preliminary evidence of important developmental factors to integrate into substance use intervention programs targeting Aboriginal youth.
Descriptors: Intervention, Drinking, Young Adults, Adolescents, Foreign Countries, Predictor Variables, Alcohol Abuse, Indigenous Populations, At Risk Persons, Age Differences, Psychological Patterns, Recreational Activities, Religion, Peer Influence
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada