ERIC Number: EJ953843
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Sexual Attraction and Trajectories of Mental Health and Substance Use during the Transition from Adolescence to Adulthood
Needham, Belinda L.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v41 n2 p179-190 Feb 2012
Previous research suggests that sexual minority youth have poorer health-related outcomes than their heterosexual peers. The purpose of this study is to determine whether sexual orientation disparities in mental health and substance use increase, decrease, or remain the same during the transition from adolescence to adulthood. Data are from Waves 1-4 of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (n = 8,322; 55% female). Respondents were in grades 7-12 at Wave 1 and aged 24-32 at Wave 4. Latent growth curve modeling is used to compare the mental health and substance use trajectories of youth who consistently report heterosexual attraction versus those who consistently report lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) attraction, those who report a transition to LGB attraction, and those who report a transition to heterosexual attraction. Among women and men, sexual orientation disparities in depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts persist, but do not increase, during the transition from adolescence to adulthood. The same pattern is observed for disparities in smoking, heavy drinking, and marijuana use among women. Among men, disparities in substance use are only observed between those who report consistent heterosexual attraction and those who transition to heterosexual attraction. Disparities between these groups persist over time for heavy drinking and marijuana use but decrease over time for smoking. While this study finds evidence of numerous disparities in mental health and substance use outcomes during adolescence and young adulthood, particularly among young women, there is no indication that these disparities get larger over time.
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Marijuana, Mental Health, Suicide, Drinking, Sexual Orientation, Sexuality, Substance Abuse, Adolescents, Young Adults, Comparative Analysis, Homosexuality, Depression (Psychology), Psychological Patterns, Smoking, Alcohol Abuse, Gender Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 10; Grade 11; Grade 12; Grade 7; Grade 8; Grade 9; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health