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ERIC Number: EJ953800
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Nov
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 35
ISSN: ISSN-1362-3613
Minor Physical Anomalies in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Angkustsiri, Kathleen; Krakowiak, Paula; Moghaddam, Billur; Wardinsky, Terrance; Gardner, Jerald; Kalamkarian, Nareg; Hertz-Picciotto, Irva; Hansen, Robin L.
Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, v15 n6 p746-760 Nov 2011
Objective: There is clinical heterogeneity among the autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The presence of dysmorphology (minor physical anomalies; MPAs) is one possible tool for defining a clinically relevant subset in ASD. This study employs an adaptation of Miles and Hillman's (2000) classifications by using photographs to identify a subgroup with significant dysmorphology among children with ASD, typical development (TYP), and developmental delay (DD). Method: Children with ASD, DD, and TYP between 2 and 5 years old were part of the CHARGE Study. Pediatric specialists blinded to diagnostic group classified photographs based on the number of MPAs present: "dysmorphic" if greater than 3 and "nondysmorphic" if less than 3 MPAs. Results: Photographs for 324 children were included. Significantly more children with ASD were classified as dysmorphic compared to TYP children (p = 0.007). In children with ASD, seizures were more prevalent in those rated dysmorphic (p = 0.005). Frequencies were similar between ASD versus DD (p = 0.19) after removing those with known syndromes. Conclusion: Photographic assessment can be used to detect generalized dysmorphology in children who are often difficult to examine. This has clinical relevance, as children with multiple MPAs can be identified through the use of photographs and prioritized for investigation of brain abnormalities and underlying genetic disorders. (Contains 4 tables and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Mullen Scales of Early Learning; Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales