ERIC Number: EJ953705
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 31
How Much Professional Development Is Needed to Effect Positive Gains in K-6 Student Achievement on High Stakes Science Tests?
Shymansky, James A.; Wang, Tzu-Ling; Annetta, Leonard A.; Yore, Larry D.; Everett, Susan A.
International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, v10 n1 p1-19 Feb 2012
This paper is a report of a study that examines the relationship between teacher participation in a multi-year, K-6 professional development effort and the "high stakes" science test scores of different student groups in 33 rural mid-west school districts in the USA. The professional development program involved 1,269 elementary school teachers and utilized regional summer workshops and distance delivery technologies to help the teachers learn science concepts, inquiry teaching strategies, and how to "adapt" science inquiry lessons to teach and reinforce skills in the language arts. Regression analyses revealed a significant positive relationship between the professional development hours experienced by teachers and student gains on high stakes test scores. But the analyses also suggest that primary grade teachers need less professional development than upper grade teachers on instructional strategies where the focus is on the integration of language arts and science inquiry. The implications for funding and implementing professional development projects are discussed.
Descriptors: Educational Strategies, Primary Education, Language Arts, Teacher Participation, Science Tests, Workshops, Elementary School Teachers, Faculty Development, Professional Development, Teaching Methods, Rural Areas, Grade 6, Elementary Education, Regression (Statistics), Science Instruction, High Stakes Tests
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A