ERIC Number: EJ953574
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 46
Do Computers Improve the Drawing of a Geometrical Figure for 10 Year-Old Children?
Martin, Perrine; Velay, Jean-Luc
International Journal of Technology and Design Education, v22 n1 p13-23 Feb 2012
Nowadays, computer aided design (CAD) is widely used by designers. Would children learn to draw more easily and more efficiently if they were taught with computerised tools? To answer this question, we made an experiment designed to compare two methods for children to do the same drawing: the classical "pen and paper" method and a CAD method. We asked two groups of 14 children to draw a geometrical figure: the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF). The first group drew it with a pen on a sheet of paper("paper" group) and the second on a computer screen with CAD software ("computer" group). Two drawing conditions were studied: "Copying" the figure and drawing from memory. Results showed that the "computer" group was better at copying the figure but that both groups performed equally well when the figure was drawn from memory. These preliminary results suggest that using a CAD tool could help children while they copy a model, but that it does not improve their ability to draw the same figure using their own, internal model.
Descriptors: Memory, Geometry, Educational Experiments, Class Activities, Instructional Effectiveness, Freehand Drawing, Duplication, Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Assisted Design, Educational Technology, Comparative Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Rey Osterrieth Complex Figure Test