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ERIC Number: EJ953495
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 2
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 1
ISSN: ISSN-0305-7925
An Investigation into the Relationship between the 1997 Universal Primary Education (UPE) Policy and Regional Poverty and Educational Inequalities in Uganda (1997-2007)
Ekaju, John
Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, v42 n1 p171-172 2012
Past research has addressed the disparities in educational achievement for primary year seven school leavers in Uganda but it did not take into account the multidimensional perspectives: those on poverty (as reported by the poor) and on educational inequalities between and within regions, particularly with regard to the impacts of the 1997 Universal Primary Education (UPE) policy. The central question for this enquiry was: whether the UPE policy reforms have eradicated the regional poverty and educational inequalities in Uganda given the evidence of a decade of UPE implementation (1997-2007). Five research questions arose: (1) what is the state of the regional poverty and educational inequalities in Uganda a decade after the launching of the 1997 UPE policy?; (2) what are the perceptions of primary leavers and adults on UPE and Non Formal Education (NFE) and the effects of these interventions in reducing poverty and educational inequalities?; (3) is there evidence that UPE is helping poor people to escape from poverty?; (4) how are poor people in Uganda socially constructed? what is the impact of the social construction of UPE on the learning outcomes of learners across the three different locations?; and (5) how can UPE be meaningfully designed to help reduce regional poverty and educational inequalities in Uganda? The field data was collected during a year-long (June 2007-May 2008) qualitative, field-based study of 16 Primary school graduates and pioneer beneficiaries of the 1997 UPE policy and of 34 adults--the latter identified by the nature of their role and position in relation to these UPE graduates. The study identified the following gaps for further research: (1) gathering robust disaggregated data to address exclusion--gender, disability, socio-economic status, ethnic origin and place of residence; (2) an investigation of the most practical and cost-effective approach to meet the education aspirations of the disadvantaged school-age out-of-school children and youths; (3) a study of the impact of the language policy implemented through the thematic curriculum in the multi-lingual and multi-ethnic classrooms; (4) an investigation of the high attrition rates and the attribution of poor quality of UPE to teachers; and (5) a clarification of the meaning of UPE in Uganda from an inclusive and an equity perspective.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Uganda