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ERIC Number: EJ953454
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 45
ISSN: ISSN-0013-1911
Cultural Differences in Justificatory Reasoning
Soong, Hannah; Lee, Richard; John, George
Educational Review, v64 n1 p57-76 2012
Justificatory reasoning, the ability to justify one's beliefs and actions, is an important goal of education. We develop a scale to measure the three forms of justificatory reasoning--absolutism, relativism, and evaluativism--before validating the scale across two cultures and domains. The results show that the scale possessed validity and reliability. With astrology as domain, Western students preferred evaluativism, but Eastern students favoured relativism. However, with adultery as domain, both student cohorts preferred absolutism. Also, compared with Western students, Eastern students were less likely to engage in and more likely to avoid controversial discussions. The findings indicate that culture may influence justificatory reasoning forms, but not with moral domains such as adultery. Collectively, the results also suggest that teachers should not unconditionally aim to develop evaluativism in students, supposedly the highest form of justificatory reasoning by Western standards. They further reinforce researchers caution not to associate collectivism with lack of evaluativistic reasoning skills. (Contains 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia; Malaysia