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ERIC Number: EJ953285
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 41
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1363-6820
Apprenticeship in Canada: Where's the Crisis?
Meredith, John
Journal of Vocational Education and Training, v63 n3 p323-344 2011
Unique features of the 2006 census, as well as 33 employer interviews, provide an opportunity to test key assumptions in Canadian apprenticeship policy. Apprenticeship is widely understood to be a crucial contributor to the national skills supply, but also an institution critically vulnerable to market failures, mainly due to the insecurity of private contracts for training. The census data reveal a low overall incidence of apprenticeship certification among trades workers, revealing a trades labour market substantially dependent on uncertified labour. Strong inter-occupational differences in the certification rate make it unlikely that participation is impeded by a uniform set of contracting problems. At the firm level, the interviews reveal substantial diversity in employers' training practices, levels of investment, and modes of engagement with the apprenticeship system. Consistent with recent literature in the political economy of skills, the present findings support a view of apprenticeship as an institution centred on collective action rather than private contract. They suggest that current Canadian apprenticeship policies offer indiscriminate subsidies with negligible and potentially negative effects on private skill formation. (Contains 2 notes and 3 tables.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada