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ERIC Number: EJ952351
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Nov
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 99
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0663
Executive Functioning Skills Uniquely Predict Chinese Word Reading
Chung, Kevin K. H.; McBride-Chang, Catherine
Journal of Educational Psychology, v103 n4 p909-921 Nov 2011
Eighty-five Hong Kong Chinese children were tested across both the 2nd and 3rd years of kindergarten (ages 4-5 years) on tasks of inhibitory control, working memory, vocabulary knowledge, phonological awareness, morphological awareness, and word reading. With age, vocabulary knowledge, and metalinguistic skills statistically controlled, the combination of working memory and inhibitory control together independently explained approximately 14%-16% of the variance in word reading at both ages. Furthermore, the executive functioning skills as a block contributed unique variance to word reading at Time 2, even when word recognition at Time 1 was statistically controlled. These findings highlight the unique importance of executive functioning skills, even beyond vocabulary knowledge and metalinguistic awareness, for the development of Chinese word recognition in beginning readers of Chinese. (Contains 5 tables and 1 footnote.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Kindergarten
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hong Kong