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ERIC Number: EJ951992
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Nov
Pages: 4
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 26
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1622
Distressed Neighborhoods and Child Disability Rates: Analyses of 157,000 School-Age Children
Msall, Michael E.; Avery, Roger C.; Msall, Emily R.; Hogan, Dennis P.
Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, v49 n11 p814-817 Nov 2007
The aim of this study was to assess rates of childhood disability as indicated by functional limitation of motor, sensory, or self-care skills in children living in severely-distressed neighborhoods. For a neighborhood in the US Census Track to be considered severely distressed, three of the following four characteristics need to be present: greater than 27% of children live in poverty, greater than 23% high school drop-out rate, greater than 34% male unemployment rate, and greater than 37% of households headed by females alone. In the 2000 US Census, 157,000 children between ages 5 and 15 years resided in the State of Rhode Island. Severely-distressed neighborhoods were found in 12.6% of Rhode Island Census Tracks. These areas accounted for 14.5% of the school-age population, 25% of children with motor disabilities, 29% of children with self-care disabilities, and 14% of children with sensory disabilities. For each increasing level of neighborhood distress, rates of child disability increased. Child disability rates in moderately distressed neighborhoods were 3.7%, compared with 1.1% in advantaged neighborhoods. Children in distressed neighborhoods had disproportionately high rates of disability, especially in motor and self-care functioning. Comprehensive interventions aimed at children in distressed neighborhoods are crucial to reduce health disparities for vulnerable children. (Contains 1 figure and 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Rhode Island