ERIC Number: EJ951278
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Reference Count: 17
Response to Section I: What's Needed Now
Howey, Kenneth R.
Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education, v110 n2 p325-336 2011
Innovation is often driven by crisis, and Rutter (2011) began her chapter by reminding everyone of the crisis confronting the United States in the early 1980s and how that provided impetus for the development of professional development schools (PDSs). In a complementary companion chapter, Neapolitan and Levine (2011) take the reader through guidelines and principles, and eventually standards and regulations, that guided the evolution of professional development schools over the last quarter century. As Rutter does (2011), they examine external conditions and context that promulgated these actions. These chapter writers provide an excellent review and analyses of what shaped the development of the PDS over the last quarter century. They illustrate that, as with any major reform effort, there were multiple drivers as well as persistent and pervasive counterforces and obstacles to overcome in the evolution of the PDS. In this regard, the two chapters provide a most helpful lens for looking at the what, how, and why of professional development schools.
Descriptors: Professional Development Schools, Professional Development, Educational History, Educational Development, Educational Change, Change Strategies, Educational Innovation, Guidelines, Academic Standards, Federal Regulation, State Regulation, Educational Principles, Educational Trends, Needs Assessment
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A