NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ950967
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-May
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9630
A New Measure of Children's Optimism and Pessimism: The Youth Life Orientation Test
Ey, Sydney; Hadley, Wendy; Allen, Deanna Nuttbrock; Palmer, Shawna; Klosky, James; Deptula, Daneen; Thomas, Jay; Cohen, Robert
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, v46 n5 p548-558 May 2005
Background: Optimism and pessimism are positive and negative expectations linked with well-being in adults. Research on the importance of optimism and pessimism in children is limited by the lack of a developmentally appropriate measure of children's expectations. Method: Based upon the Life Orientation Test-Revised (Scheier, Carver, & Bridges, 1994), the Youth Life Orientation Test (YLOT) is a sixteen-item self-report measure of children's optimism and pessimism. Results: Reliability and validity of the YLOT was found with 204 3rd-6th graders. Optimism also predicted fewer child-reported depressive symptoms and parent-reported behavior problems assessed three months later. Pessimism predicted more child-reported anxiety symptoms and parent-reported social and academic deficits.
Wiley-Blackwell. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Tel: 800-835-6770; Tel: 781-388-8598; Fax: 781-388-8232; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 3; Grade 4; Grade 5; Grade 6; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A