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ERIC Number: EJ950960
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-May
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9630
Practitioner Review: Early Adversity and Developmental Disorders
Taylor, Eric; Rogers, Jody Warner
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, v46 n5 p451-467 May 2005
Background: Knowledge of genetic influences, on developmental disorders such as autism spectrum, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and learning disabilities, has increased the opportunities for understanding the influences of the early environment. Methods: This paper provides a selective, narrative review for clinicians of the effects of factors such as exposure to toxins and stresses in utero and in postnatal life; brain injuries and perinatal compromise; neglect, malnutrition and selective food deficiencies. It also considers what is known about the mechanisms through which early adversities operate. Results: Gaps in the research are identified and suggestions made about clinical investigations. Several types of environmental adversity have associations with later disorders that suggest a causal role. The effects are often on a broad range of psychological processes, and are not always quickly reversible. Several adversities often coexist, calling for skilled judgement about priorities in treatment. Conclusions: Individuals vary considerably in their exposure to adversity and their vulnerability to its effects, and genetic inheritance can influence both.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A