ERIC Number: EJ950957
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
The Impact of Preschool Inattention, Hyperactivity, and Impulsivity on Social and Academic Development: A Review
Spira, Elana Greenfield; Fischel, Janet E.
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, v46 n7 p755-773 Jul 2005
The literature on the prevalence and stability of preschool problems of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity suggests a number of links to early literacy skills and broader school achievement. Developmental considerations in the assessment of preschool ADHD are reviewed in this paper, along with evidence for the stability of symptoms over time and the relationship between early symptoms of ADHD and elementary school achievement. Emphasis is placed on describing the nature of the connection between preschool ADHD symptoms and academic achievement, as few studies to date have focused specifically on that relationship. Several explanations for the relationship between preschool ADHD symptoms and achievement are analyzed, including an explanation that focuses on the relationship between inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity and the acquisition of emergent literacy and language skills. Finally, the evidence for four models that have been proposed to account for the link between behavior and learning is reviewed and critically analyzed. Suggestions are made for future research that might resolve important questions only partially addressed in studies to date.
Descriptors: Conceptual Tempo, Academic Achievement, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Emergent Literacy, Language Skills, Incidence, Preschool Children, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Elementary Education, Language Acquisition
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Preschool Education
Authoring Institution: N/A