ERIC Number: EJ950937
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Show Me the Child at Seven II: Childhood Intelligence and Later Outcomes in Adolescence and Young Adulthood
Fergusson, David M.; Horwood, L. John; Ridder, Elizabeth M.
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, v46 n8 p850-858 Aug 2005
Background: There has been ongoing interest in the role of intelligence in longer-term educational and occupational achievement and social adjustment. The aims of this study were to examine the extent to which IQ in middle childhood (8-9 years) was prognostic of future outcomes when due allowance was made for confounding personal and social factors. Methods: Data were gathered on (WISC-R) IQ at ages 8-9 years and a range of educational and social adjustment measures over the course of the Christchurch Health and Development Study, a 25-year longitudinal study of a birth cohort of 1,265 New Zealand children. Results: IQ assessed at ages 8-9 years was related to a range of outcomes: later crime (offending, arrest/conviction); substance use disorders (nicotine dependence, illicit drug dependence); mental health (anxiety, suicidality); sexual adjustment (number of sexual partners, pregnancy); educational achievement (school leaving qualifications, tertiary qualifications); and occupational outcomes (unemployment, income). However, intelligence was largely unrelated to many of these outcomes: crime, mental health, sexual behaviours, and illicit substance dependence after statistical adjustment for early behaviour problems and family background. Strong relationships remained between childhood intelligence and later educational and occupational outcomes. Conclusions: Much of the association between early intelligence and later social adjustment is mediated by childhood conduct problems and family social circumstances. However, strong relationships exist between early intelligence and later academic achievement and income independently of these factors.
Descriptors: Intelligence, Crime, Income, Family Characteristics, Mental Health, Pregnancy, Intelligence Quotient, Adolescents, Social Adjustment, Foreign Countries, Role, Academic Achievement, Longitudinal Studies, Children, Anxiety, Suicide, Law Enforcement, Sexuality, Unemployment, Behavior Problems, Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand