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ERIC Number: EJ950390
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Jan
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0890-8567
Validation of Proposed "DSM-5" Criteria for Autism Spectrum Disorder
Frazier, Thomas W.; Youngstrom, Eric A.; Speer, Leslie; Embacher, Rebecca; Law, Paul; Constantino, John; Findling, Robert L.; Hardan, Antonio Y.; Eng, Charis
Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, v51 n1 p28-40.e3 Jan 2012
Objective: The primary aim of the present study was to evaluate the validity of proposed "DSM-5" criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Method: We analyzed symptoms from 14,744 siblings (8,911 ASD and 5,863 non-ASD) included in a national registry, the Interactive Autism Network. Youth 2 through 18 years of age were included if at least one child in the family was diagnosed with ASD. Caregivers reported symptoms using the Social Responsiveness Scale and the Social Communication Questionnaire. The structure of autism symptoms was examined using latent variable models that included categories, dimensions, or hybrid models specifying categories and subdimensions. Diagnostic efficiency statistics evaluated the proposed "DSM-5" algorithm in identifying ASD. Results: A hybrid model that included both a category (ASD versus non-ASD) and two symptom dimensions (social communication/interaction and restricted/repetitive behaviors) was more parsimonious than all other models and replicated across measures and subsamples. Empirical classifications from this hybrid model closely mirrored clinical ASD diagnoses (90% overlap), implying a broad ASD category distinct from non-ASD. "DSM-5" criteria had superior specificity relative to "DSM-IV-TR" criteria (0.97 versus 0.86); however sensitivity was lower (0.81 versus 0.95). Relaxing "DSM-5" criteria by requiring one less symptom criterion increased sensitivity (0.93 versus 0.81), with minimal reduction in specificity (0.95 versus 0.97). Conclusions: Results supported the validity of proposed "DSM-5" criteria for ASD as provided in Phase I Field Trials criteria. Increased specificity of "DSM-5" relative to "DSM-IV-TR" may reduce false positive diagnoses, a particularly relevant consideration for low base rate clinical settings. Phase II testing of "DSM-5" should consider a relaxed algorithm, without which as many as 12% of ASD-affected individuals, particularly females, will be missed. Relaxed "DSM-5" criteria may improve identification of ASD, decreasing societal costs through appropriate early diagnosis and maximizing intervention resources. (Contains 3 figures and 5 tables.)
Elsevier. 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Tel: 877-839-7126; Tel: 407-345-4020; Fax: 407-363-1354; e-mail: usjcs@elsevier.com; Web site: http://www.elsevier.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A