ERIC Number: EJ949893
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 12
Testing the Factor Structure of the Family Quality of Life Survey--2006
Isaacs, B.; Wang, M.; Samuel, P.; Ajuwon, P.; Baum, N.; Edwards, M.; Rillotta, F.
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, v56 n1 p17-29 Jan 2012
Background: Although the Family Quality of Life Survey--2006 (FQOLS-2006) is being used in research, there is little evidence to support its hypothesised domain structure. The purpose of this study was to test the domain structure of the survey using confirmatory factor analysis. Method: Samples from Australia, Canada, Nigeria and the USA were analysed using structural equation modelling. The data from Australia, Canada and the USA were combined on the assumption that these countries are similar, at least to some degree, in economic development, language and culture. The Nigerian data were analysed on its own. The analysis was undertaken in two phases. First, the hypothesis that each of nine domains of the FQOLS-2006 is a unidimensional construct that can reliably measure the dimensions "Importance," "Stability," "Opportunities," "Attainment," "Stability" and "Satisfaction" was tested. Second, the hypothesis that family quality of life (FQoL) is a single latent construct represented by the nine domains measured in the FQOLS-2006 was tested. Results: In the first phase of the analysis, the "Importance" dimension was dropped because of skewness and lack of variance. The "Stability" dimension did not fit well within the individual domain model in both the Nigerian and the combined three countries' data. When "Importance" and "Stability" were excluded, the individual domain models showed good or acceptable fit when error variances of some dimensions were allowed to correlate. In the second phase of the analysis, the overall model, FQoL, represented by the nine domains of the FQOLS-2006 showed good fit in both data sets. Conclusions: The conceptual model of the FQOLS-2006 was supported with some qualifications. Each domain on the survey can be reliably measured by four dimensions "Opportunities," "Initiative," "Attainment" and "Satisfaction." The dimensions of "Importance" and "Stability," however, did not fit. Data reported on these dimensions from past and current studies should be interpreted with caution. The construct of FQoL is also reliably measured by the domains of the FQOLS-2006. Further research into the psychometric properties of the survey, particularly from a cross-cultural perspective, is needed.
Descriptors: Family Life, Quality of Life, Surveys, Factor Structure, Factor Analysis, Structural Equation Models, Reliability, Goodness of Fit, Foreign Countries, Cross Cultural Studies
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia; Canada; Nigeria; United States