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ERIC Number: EJ949840
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 52
ISSN: ISSN-1749-6896
Age, Gender and Job Satisfaction among Elementary School Head Teachers in Pakistan
Ghazi, Safdar Rehman; Maringe, Felix
Education, Knowledge & Economy: A Journal for Education and Social Enterprise, v5 n1-2 p17-27 2011
The purpose of this study was to explore general job satisfaction of elementary school head teachers in Pakistan with respect to their age and gender. One hundred and eighty head teachers were sampled from government elementary schools of Toba Tek Singh, Punjab, Pakistan, to collect the relevant data using a modified version of the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire. Significant differences based on age and gender were found among the head teachers' level of job satisfaction. Younger and older head teachers were found to be significantly more satisfied than the middle-aged head teachers. Female head teachers were found to be significantly more satisfied than their male counterparts. This article explores a range of job satisfaction issues in terms of age and gender and identifies implications for practice, policy and further research. (Contains 4 tables.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pakistan
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire