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ERIC Number: EJ949790
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Dec
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 40
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0162-3532
Psychosocial Experiences and Adjustment among Adult Swedes with Superior General Mental Ability
Stalnacke, Jannica; Smedler, Ann-Charlotte
Journal for the Education of the Gifted, v34 n6 p900-916 Dec 2011
In Sweden, special needs of high-ability individuals have received little attention. For this purpose, adult Swedes with superior general mental ability (GMA; N = 302), defined by an IQ score greater than 130 on tests of abstract reasoning, answered a questionnaire regarding their views of themselves and their giftedness. The participants also rated their self-theory of intelligence and completed the Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-13). At large, the participants experienced being different but felt little need to downplay their giftedness to gain social acceptance. Most participants encompassed an entity self-theory of intelligence, while also recognizing that it takes effort to develop one's ability. The group scored lower (p less than 0.001) than Swedes in general on the SOC, which may be a reflection of social difficulties associated with being gifted in an egalitarian society. However, it may also indicate that the SOC carries a different meaning for those with superior GMA. (Contains 6 tables.)
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: journals@sagepub.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Sweden