ERIC Number: EJ949755
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Anger/Frustration, Task Persistence, and Conduct Problems in Childhood: A Behavioral Genetic Analysis
Deater-Deckard, Kirby; Petrill, Stephen A.; Thompson, Lee A.
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, v48 n1 p80-87 Jan 2007
Background: Individual differences in conduct problems arise in part from proneness to anger/frustration and poor self-regulation of behavior. However, the genetic and environmental etiology of these connections is not known. Method: Using a twin design, we examined genetic and environmental covariation underlying the well-documented correlations between anger/frustration, poor attention regulation (i.e., task persistence), and conduct problems in childhood. Participants included 105 pairs of MZ twins and 154 pairs of same-sex DZ twins (4-8 year olds). Independent observers rated child persistence and affect based on behavior during a challenging in-home cognitive and literacy assessment. Teachers and parents provided reports of conduct problems. Results: Persistence, anger/frustration, and conduct problems included moderate heritable and nonshared environmental variance; conduct problems included moderate shared environmental variance as well. Persistence and anger/frustration had independent genetic covariance with conduct problems and nonshared environmental covariance with each other. Conclusions: The findings indicate genetically distinct though inter-related influences linking affective and self-regulatory aspects of temperament with behavior problems in childhood.
Descriptors: Twins, Behavior Problems, Persistence, Economically Disadvantaged, Children, Genetics, Etiology, Psychological Patterns, Individual Differences, Self Control, Correlation, Attention Control, Cognitive Ability, Literacy, Testing, Family Environment, Personality
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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