ERIC Number: EJ949751
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Forms and Functions of School Refusal Behavior in Youth: An Empirical Analysis of Absenteeism Severity
Kearney, Christopher A.
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, v48 n1 p53-61 Jan 2007
Background: School refusal behavior is a particularly nettlesome problem for mental health and education professionals because of its symptom severity and heterogeneity as well as lack of consensus regarding inclusive classification strategies. Alternatively, a functional model of school refusal behavior may provide a particularly useful way of organizing, assessing, and treating this population. Method: The present study included 222 youths aged 5-17 years (134 males, 88 females) with school refusal behavior and their parents. Participants were assessed at a specialized university-based clinic for youths with school refusal behavior. Child self-report and parent-based measures of forms of behavior related to school refusal as well as functions of school refusal behavior were employed. Results: Hierarchical regression analysis and structural equation modeling revealed that function was a better determinant of degree of school absenteeism than behavior form. Conclusions: Assessing the function of school refusal behavior is likely a key factor in the evaluation of this population and may be linked to informed decisions about choice of treatment.
Descriptors: Structural Equation Models, Severity (of Disability), School Phobia, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Attendance, Classification, Clinics, Psychological Evaluation, Parent Attitudes, Measures (Individuals), Therapy, Regression (Statistics)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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