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ERIC Number: EJ949277
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 42
ISSN: ISSN-1350-293X
The Scholarisation of the French "Ecole Maternelle": Institutional Transformations since the 1970s
Garnier, Pascale
European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, v19 n4 p553-563 2011
The transformations that have taken place in the French "ecole maternelle" (nursery school) over the last 30 years may be characterised by a dual dynamic, internal and external, of scholarisation. Firstly, the analysis of its changing position with regard to primary school and within early childhood education and care shows a relative erasure of its specific nature and an increased dependency with regard to compulsory education. Secondly, an examination of the changes of its institutional curriculum and of the development of knowledge on school learning shows a growing focus on the mastering of language as it relates to the issues of educational success. This question of the influence of the "ecole maternelle" on children's future school career also contributes to its definition as part of the first cycle of formal education. International comparisons of pre-primary education serve to underline this process of scholarisation and also the continued diversity of social functions performed by the "ecole maternelle." (Contains 1 note.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: France