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ERIC Number: EJ949078
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Jan
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1360-2322
Cross-Cultural Validation of a Measure of Felt Stigma in People with Intellectual Disabilities
Kock, Elizabeth; Molteno, Chris; Mfiki, Ntathu; Kidd, Martin; Ali, Afia; King, Michael; Strydom, Andre
Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, v25 n1 p11-19 Jan 2012
Background: One trade-off for increased independence of adults with intellectual disabilities in developing countries is that they may find themselves more exposed to the negative perceptions held by the general population regarding the mentally ill and disabled. The aim of this study was to adapt and translate a tool to measure felt stigma in people with intellectual disabilities designed in the United Kingdom (UK) to make it culturally viable, and to determine its reliability and validity in the multi-ethnic and multilingual context of South Africa (SA) and to compare the item responses and factor structures of the tool between the UK and SA. Methods: We translated the tool into local languages and refined it by conducting focus groups and pilot studies with professionals and adults with intellectual disabilities, after which test-retest reliability, factor analysis and internal consistency were calculated. Results: Participants were from three different population groups: Afrikaans (n = 71; 37%), English (n = 67; 35%) and Xhosa (n = 53; 28%), who had mild (n = 106; 56%) or moderate intellectual disabilities (n = 85; 44%). 98 (51%) were re-interviewed. The resulting international version of the perceived stigma measure consisted of 10 questions with good test-retest reliability (kappa ranging from 0.41 to 0.59) and a similar factor structure to the UK version, despite including a different set of questions. Conclusions: There is evidence for the validity of felt stigma ratings reported by adults with intellectual disabilities, despite different cultural and health service contexts.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Africa; United Kingdom