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ERIC Number: EJ949057
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Dec
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0094-730X
Speech Sequence Skill Learning in Adults Who Stutter
Bauerly, Kim R.; De Nil, Luc F.
Journal of Fluency Disorders, v36 n4 p349-360 Dec 2011
The present study compared the ability of 12 people who stutter (PWS) and 12 people who do not stutter (PNS) to consolidate a novel sequential speech task. Participants practiced 100 repetitions of a single, monosyllabic, nonsense word sequence during an initial practice session and returned 24-h later to perform an additional 50 repetitions. Results showed significantly slower sequence durations in the PWS compared to PNS following extensive practice and consolidation. However, the hypothesis that poor performance gains in PWS compared to PNS during practice would be maintained following a 24-h consolidation period was not supported. Further descriptive analysis revealed large within group differences in PWS which to some extent were attributed to a subgroup of PWS who failed to show any improvements in performance following practice or consolidation. The results and the possible presence of subgroups of PWS are discussed with regard to their limitations in motor learning abilities. Educational objectives: The reader will be able to (1) explain the difference between practice and learning, (2) define consolidation and explain the importance of measuring performance following a consolidation period, (3) understand past research on PWS' performance during both speech and nonspeech motor tasks, and (4) explain why individual differences in practice effects and learning may have important implications for client variability in treatment outcome. (Contains 6 figures and 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A