ERIC Number: EJ948898
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Do Preschoolers Save to Benefit Their Future Selves?
Metcalf, Jennifer L.; Atance, Cristina M.
Cognitive Development, v26 n4 p371-382 Oct-Dec 2011
Using a new paradigm for measuring children's saving behaviors involving two marble games differing in desirability, we assessed whether 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds saved marbles for future use, saved increasingly on a second trial, saved increasingly with age, and were sensitive to the relative value of future rewards. We also assessed whether performance on the saving paradigm was related to theory of mind performance. Children saved significantly more marbles on the second trial than the first and saved significantly more when a future reward was more desirable than a present reward (rather than the reverse). However, older children did not save significantly more than younger children. Performance on one of two false belief tasks was not correlated with saving behavior and performance on the other was only marginally correlated with the number of marbles saved on trial 2. Implications for children's future thinking and comparative research are discussed. (Contains 1 table and 2 figures.)
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Models, Rewards, Cognitive Development, Preschool Children, Games, Age Differences, Comparative Analysis, Research, Task Analysis, Correlation, Behavior, Student Attitudes, Child Development, Child Psychology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Authoring Institution: N/A