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ERIC Number: EJ948810
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 51
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0175
Differences in Gender and Ethnicity as Measured by Ratings of Three Writing Tasks
Kaufman, James C.; Baer, John; Gentile, Claudia A.
Journal of Creative Behavior, v38 n1 p56-69 2004
The issue of racial/ethnic and gender differences in intelligence and academic abilities is fiercely and frequently debated, yet the examination of these differences in creativity is less studied. Our goal in this study was to use the Consensual Assessment Technique, in which experts judge a product's creativity, to examine differences in creativity among gender and ethnic groups. We conducted three separate analyses in which 13 experts rated 103 poems, 104 fictional stories, and 103 personal narratives written by Caucasian, African American, Latino/a, and Asian eighth-grade students. There were no significant African American-Caucasian differences on any of the writing tasks and there were no gender differences on all three tasks. The only significant differences in the creativity ratings on any of the tasks occurred in poetry, between the Latino/a-Caucasian groups and Latino/a-Asian groups. Implications and future directions are discussed. (Contains 2 tables and 1 footnote.)
Creative Education Foundation. 48 North Pleasant Street Suite 301, Amherst, MA 01002. Tel: 508-960-0000; Fax: 413-658-0046; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 8
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A