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ERIC Number: EJ948689
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Dec
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 66
ISSN: ISSN-0003-1224
"I Need Help!" Social Class and Children's Help-Seeking in Elementary School
Calarco, Jessica McCrory
American Sociological Review, v76 n6 p862-882 Dec 2011
What role do children play in education and stratification? Are they merely passive recipients of unequal opportunities that schools and parents create for them? Or do they actively shape their own opportunities? Through a longitudinal, ethnographic study of one socioeconomically diverse, public elementary school, I show that children's social-class backgrounds affect when and how they seek help in the classroom. Compared to their working-class peers, middle-class children request more help from teachers and do so using different strategies. Rather than wait for assistance, they call out or approach teachers directly, even interrupting to make requests. In doing so, middle-class children receive more help from teachers, spend less time waiting, and are better able to complete assignments. By demonstrating these skills and strategies, middle-class children create their own advantages and contribute to inequalities in the classroom. These findings have implications for theories of cultural capital, stratification, and social reproduction. (Contains 29 notes and 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A