ERIC Number: EJ948601
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 63
Self-Evaluation Processes in Life Satisfaction: Uncovering Measurement Non-Equivalence and Age-Related Differences
Heidemeier, Heike; Staudinger, Ursula M.
Social Indicators Research, v105 n1 p39-61 Jan 2012
This study demonstrates how self-evaluation processes explain subgroup differences in ratings of life satisfaction (population heterogeneity). Life domains differ with regard to the constraints they impose on beliefs in internal control. We hypothesized that these differences are linked with cognitive biases in ratings of life satisfaction. In fact, two subgroups of respondents needed to be distinguished, for which life satisfaction scores were non-equivalent measures. Self-evaluation processes also helped to explain age-related differences in life satisfaction. Age was unrelated or positively related to life satisfaction in a subgroup of respondents who perceived comparatively high levels of control over high-constraining life domains such as work, income, and standard of living. However, age yielded a substantial negative relationship with life satisfaction among participants who reported reduced levels of control in these domains. Results from a German representative sample were replicated with data from an online survey.
Descriptors: Life Satisfaction, Living Standards, Age Differences, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Self Control, Scores, Income, Work Attitudes, Internet, Surveys, Foreign Countries, Social Indicators
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany