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ERIC Number: EJ947913
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Jan
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0749-596X
Intonation Facilitates Contrast Resolution: Evidence from Japanese Adults and 6-Year Olds
Ito, Kiwako; Jincho, Nobuyuki; Minai, Utako; Yamane, Naoto; Mazuka, Reiko
Journal of Memory and Language, v66 n1 p265-284 Jan 2012
Two eye-tracking experiments tested how pitch prominence on a prenominal adjective affects contrast resolution in Japanese adult and 6-year old listeners. Participants located two animals in succession on displays with multiple colored animals. In Experiment 1, adults' fixations to the contrastive target (pink cat [right arrow] GREEN cat) were facilitated by a pitch expansion on the adjective while infelicitous pitch expansion (purple rabbit [right arrow] ORANGE monkey) led to a garden-path effect, i.e., frequent fixations to the incorrect target (orange rabbit). In 6-year olds, only the facilitation effect surfaced. Hypothesizing that the interval between the two questions may not have given enough time for children to overcome their tendency to perseverate on the first target, Experiment 2 used longer intervals and confirmed a garden-path effect in 6-year olds. These results demonstrate that Japanese 6-year olds can make use of contrast-marking pitch prominence when time allows an establishment of proper discourse representation. (Contains 6 figures and 6 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A